Практические задания

I.Переведите предложения.

1.Here is a complicated introductory paragraph followed by a slightly easier one. 2. The following is a brief outline of these components. 3. The review is followed by a discussion of the problem. 4. The following parameters should be monitored and controlled. 5. The proof follows the same type of arguments as the one for Lemma 1. 6. A sudden increase in demand will be followed by the rise of plant capacity. 7. Following a procedure analogous to that of Kurokawa (14), one obtains (1). 8. Following the war the firm’s output greatly increased. 9. The logical strategy to follow would be to proceed to the following step.

II. Переведите предложения, выделяя сказуемые в стра­дательном залоге.

1. The point of equilibrium however is tremendously influenc­ed by the temperature. 2. The results were affected by the presence of impurities. 3. This phenomenon has been dealt with by several researchers. 4. In ethers and similar solvents the frequency was unaffected. 5. No difficulties were met at all.

The reaction was followed by measuring temperature. 7. The experiment will be followed by testing the end product. 8. This usage is not followed in carbohydrate chemistry. 9. Hamilton’s discovery was quickly followed by other new algebras. 10. No amount of selected examples, however convincing, can be relied upon. 11. What is watched or waited for seems too long in coming. 12. As far as other compounds of this series are concern­ed they will be dealt with in another chapter. 13. While such special cases are rather easily dealt with the general problem is considerably more difficult. 14. The changes in water content will be accompanied by alterations in salt concentrations, and the latter are also affected by the ionic concentrations of the food ingested. 15. This problem can be approached from several points of view. 16. The congress was referred to as a most represen­tative forum in this field. 17. Fallacies of this kind can often be met with. 18. Every thing is affected by its relations to every­thing else. 19. A decision was arrived at. 20. This is hardly to be wondered at. 21. This central idea must not be lost sight of.

Methods employed in solving a problem are strongly in­fluenced by the research objective. 23. As data are changed, how are outputs affected? 24. This paper was shortly followed by another by the same author. 25. Any statement which must be referred to by any other statement in the program must be identified by a “statement number”. 26. The inward component is not affected by any of these treatments. 27. These rules were arrived at independently. 28. Often objects can be defined and dealt with independent of their parameters. 29. A printer gets assigned temporally to a user as his own whilst he uses it. 30. Mercury becomes contaminated and cannot be reused. 31. The output gets substracted from the input signal. 32. Different forms of experience were studied and became organized into a science.

III. Переведите текст, выделяя сказуемые в страдательном залоге.

Automation is often referred to as a new subject and its vari­ous aspects have not yet all been paid adequate attention to. Thus, for example, its commercial aspects have been only recently fully appreciated. Many problems arising from the impact of auto­mation on national and world economy have not even been dealt with. It is, therefore, of paramount importance that general pub­lic should be informed both of its technological and social aspects.

There is hardly any aspect of human life that would not be affected by the changes that automation will bring about. Un­fortunately, there is relatively little factual material available for analysing the consequences of automatization. Indeed, most economists are not yet fully aware of the problems that might arise in the process of automatization. The effect of these de­velopments on the trend of prices, capital investments, balance of payments have not yet been fully appreciated. These sub­jects should be adequately dealt with in foreseeable future.