Практические задания


1.Переведите следующие предложения на русский язык. Обратите внимание на перевод причастий. Определите функцию причастий.

A part of a signal travelling along the ground is called the ground wave.

Superconducting materials made it possible to perfect this system operation.

The site having been chosen, a new library is being built there.

Being heated magnetized steel loses its magnetism.

Molecules of even a good insulator acted upon by electric field produce motion of electrons due to the field.

If arranged according to their atomic weights, elements show the periodicity of their properties.

When produced in one tube, minimum grid voltage is produced in the other tube.

Knowing the number of loads hauled per hour, the total cubic yards of material excavated may be easily calculated.

The construction of atomic power stations equipped with fast reactors is the basic trend in the further development of power engineering.

Electronics being used to control industrial processes is becoming more and more popular, particularly in cases where motor speed has to be accurately controlled. One big advantage is that valves, unlike relays, have no moving parts, no contacts to shatter or burn, and practically no inertia, and their speed of operations is very much greater. Two special types of valves, known as “thyrotrons” and “ignitrons” are generally used for motor control.

2.Переведите предложения, содержащие независимый причастный оборот.

Electrons moving through the conductor, electrical energy is generated.

The speed of light being great, we cannot measure it by ordinary methods.

The current in the circuit decreased when the resistance increased, other factors remaining the same.

Chemistry and physics are interconnected sciences, any chemical change resulting in a physical change.

The positive pole having been brought near the negative pole, the latter attracts it.

The current distribution over the cross section of the conductor being non­uniform, the resistance increases.

A condenser being placed in a direct current circuit, the current will stop flowing.

Wave velocity, length and frequency are interrelated, frequency being equal to velocity divided by wavelength.

The size of electrodes being increased, the current capacity also increases, the voltage output remaining the same.