Unit Four. How does ISO develop standards?
Pre-text exercise. Transcribe and translate the following words:
Read and translate the text.
How does ISO develop standards?
An ISO standard is developed by a panel of experts, within a technical committee. Once the need for a standard has been established, these experts meet to discuss and negotiate a draft standard. As soon as a draft has been developed it is shared with ISO’s members who are asked to comment and vote on it. If a consensus is reached the draft becomes an ISO standard, if not it goes back to the technical committee for further edits.
Key principles in standard development
1. ISO standards respond to a need in the market.
ISO does not decide when to develop a new standard. Instead, ISO responds to a request from industry or other stakeholders such as consumer groups. Typically, an industry sector or group communicates the need for a standard to its national member who then contacts ISO.
2. ISO standards are based on global expert opinion.
ISO standards are developed by groups of experts from all over the world that are part of larger groups called technical committees. These experts negotiate all aspects of the standard, including its scope, key definitions and content.
3. ISO standards are developed through a multi-stakeholder process.
The technical committees are made up of experts from the relevant industry, but also from consumer associations, academia, NGOs and government.
4. ISO standards are based on a consensus.
Developing ISO standards is a consensus-based approach and comments from stakeholders are taken into account.
Exercise I. Write sentences from the words:
1. Committee/ An ISO standard/ a panel of experts/, developed/ by/ within/ a technical/ is.
2. Committee/ is reached/ an ISO standard/ the draft/ becomes/ to the/if not/ it goes back/ technical/ If a consensus/ for further edits.
3. National/ member/ Typically,/ sector/ or/ the need/ who then/ for/ group communicates/ a standard/ to its/ contacts/ ISO/ an industry.
4. Negotiate/ These/ and content/ experts/ all aspects/ of the standard,/ its scope,/ key definitions/ including.
5. Standards/ is/ ISO/ a consensus-based/ are taken/ approach/ Developing/ and comments/ from stakeholders/ into account.
Exercise II. Complete the sentences with the following words:
Consumer, members, stakeholders, experts.
1. An ISO standard is developed by a panel of __________, within a technical committee.
2. As soon as a draft has been developed it is shared with ISO’s __________ who are asked to comment and vote on it.
3. Instead, ISO responds to a request from industry or other __________ such as consumer groups.
4. The technical committees are made up of experts from the relevant industry, but also from __________ associations, academia, NGOs and government.