II. THE ARTICLE. THE USE OF ARTICLES.
Exercise 1. Insert articles where necessary. (Articles with class nouns.)
1. Not ____ word was spoken, not ___sound was made. 2. ____room itself was filling up, so was ____ staircase. 3. I think that ____ man’s life is worth saving , whoever it belongs to. 4. Though ____earth was cold and wet, ____ sky was clear and _____ sun rose bright and beautiful. 5. He made them provide not one car, but half ____dozen. 6. ____ sky outside window was already dark, _____secretary had gone home, all was quite. 7. Edward remained ______week at _____ cottage. 8. I tell you, he’s as brave as _____ man can reasonably be.
9. After that they would meet , perhaps, two or three times_____ year. 10. Dinny looked up at ______ house; and suddenly saw _____ face in _____window of ______ dining-room. 11. “ It is not ______large house”, I said. “ We don’t need _____large house”. 12. He looks older he is, as _____dark men often do. 13. This morning _____tobacconist was at his doors.14. I have ____long story to tell you. Come and sit on ______sofa and let us have _____comfortable chat.
15. Аnd what ______beautiful moth there I over there on ____wall. 16. He was _____short, plump man with _____ very white face and very hands. It was rumoured in London that he powdered them like _____woman. 17. ____old couldn’t help ____young. 18. To him she would be _____loveliest woman in ____world. 19. _____strongest have their hours of depression.
20. They must have had very fair notions of ____artistic and ____beautiful. 21. ____rich think they can buy anything. 22. ____room has three doors; one on ____same side as _____fireplace, near ____corner, leading to ____best bedroom. 23. Thank you, Stephen, I knew you would give me ____right advice. 24. Sometimes ____visitors rang ____wrong bell. 25. Far away in____little street there is _____poor house. One of _____windows is open and through it I can see_____woman seated at _____ table. She is _____seamstress. 26. _____man who entered was short and broad. He had black hair, and was wearing ______grey flannel trousers with____red woolen shirt, open at _____neck. 27. _____face to _____face, he was as warm and easy-natured as he had ever been. 28. Almost at _____very moment when she had returned Aileen had appeared. 29. When I was ____child my mother used to make _____cakes and send me out with them as____presents to ____neighbours. And ______neighbours would give us presents too, and not only at Christmas. 30. “ I must do it,” said Adam; “ it’s ______right thing”.
Exercise 2. Translate into English:
1.Приходилпочтальон? 2. Это был высокий белый дом; он был окружен большим садом.
3. Дом построен два года назад. 4. Мое любимое дерево – дуб. 5. Возле дома рос старый дуб. 6. Мы опоздали на поезд, и нам пришлось долго ждать на вокзале. 7. Попугай может подражать человеческой речи. 8. Мы пошли в маленькую комнату, в которой стоял стол, несколько стульев и кресло. 9. Я надеюсь, что вы завтра дадите мне ответ. 10. Серебряная луна светила на небе. 11. Скрипка – струнный инструмент, флейта – духовой. 12. Шекспир и Сервантес умерли в одном и том же году. 13. Мы получили телеграмму в самый день нашего отъезда. 14. Вы мне дали не тот адрес.15. Некоторые из гостей ушли рано. 16. Они живут на одной улице. 17. Онпостучалсяневтудверь.
Exercise 3. Insert articles where necessary. (Articles with nouns modified by attributes in post position.)
1.____man of whom I speak is _____pantomime actor. 2. Excuse me now , I have to see _____man who’s in trouble. 3. He stood up, and looked at____house where he had been born, grown up, and played, as if asking for _____answer. 4. Her throat ached because of______tears locked in it. 5. There were half _____dozen pocket robberies_____day in ____trams of Brussels. 6. There we were in ____ country none of us knew anything about, among Indiansand ______people that were only half civilized. 7. At last they reached _____door at which _____servant knocked cautiously. 8. We passed ____set of chambers where I had worked as _____ young man. 9. He was starring at _____waves like ____ man cornered by _____strange animal. 10. You don’t know ____man you are married to. 11. He spoke with a very slow, distinct voice… and always looked over ____shoulder of ____man to whom he was talking. 12. There had been at _____dining table ____middle –aged man with _____dark eyes and _____sunburned face, who had attracted Martin’s attention. 13. They walked _____mile or more along _____handsome street which _____colonel said was called Broadway. 14. He was, in fact, _____ younger edition of his father. 15. During ____twenty minutes Michael took to read____poem, there was not ______sound, except from ____ sheets being turned.
Exercise 4. TranslateintoEnglish:
1. Сегодня я наконец достал книгу, которую я уже давно хочу прочесть. 2. Вот человек, с которым вы хотите говорить. 3. Я не люблю людей, которые ко всем придираются. 4. Я знаю девушку, которая удивительно хорошо декламирует стихи. Вчера она прочла стихотворение, которое мне очень понравилось. 5. Улицы, по которым мы проходили, были узкие и грязные. 6. Старик постучал в дверь небольшого домика, окна были ярко освещены. 7. Когда Ольга вернулась домой, она увидела, что ее сестра разговаривает с человеком, которого она никогда прежде не видела. 8. Я нашла гостиницу, где мы жили несколько лет назад.9. Письмо, которое она получила утром, расстроило ее. 10. Утром она получила письмо , которое ее очень расстроило.11. На дороге они увидели большой камень, которого там раньше не было. 12. Я знаю адрес человека, которому вы хотите написать.13. Дверь открыла женщина; в ней он сразу узнал оригинал портрета, который ему показал его приятель. 14. онапоехалавгород, гдежилаеедочь.
Exercise 5. Insert articles or some where necessary (Articles with nouns of materials).
1. There were two bottles of ____ wine, _____plate of ____ oranges with _____ powdered sugar. 2. She made ____ coffee. 3. _____rest of us had finished eating, but Cave had cut himself another slice of ____cheese. 4. Mrs. Leek frankly gave way to ___ soft tears while eating ___
bread-and-butter. 5. She did not answer, but her face was hard and pale as ___ stone. 6. She hurried in again and found ___ water almost boiled away. 7. ___blood is thicker than ___water. 8. Rosa tasted ___wine. It was harsh but refreshing. 9. The maid brought in ___pears, ___cold chicken, ___tongue, ___ cheese. 10. Children of his age seldom have natural pleasure in ____soap and ____water. 11. ____rest of us had finished eating, but Cave had cut himself another slice of ____cheese. 12. Mrs. Leek frankly gave way to _____soft tears while eating bread-and butter. 13. She did not answer, but her face was hard and pale as ____stone.
Exercise 6. Insert articles where necessary (Articles with abstract nouns).
1. We both appreciate ___simplicity. 2. It is such ___ weary, weary work. 3. He had ___comfortable feeling of working alone in ___ large empty building, ___feeling of ___peace and ___ complete privacy. 4. His footsteps were now heard striking upon ___stony road at ___ distance of about twenty yards. 5. We had ___ wonderful weather. 6. You must learn to face ___ life seriously, Stephan. 7. She was brilliantly familiar with ___literature, ___ tongues, __ art, ____ history, ___physics, ___metaphysics, ___philosophy and ___ politics. 8. At other times he would come and sit for ___ long periods in her room in ___ silence. 9. What __ delightful weather we are having. 10. ____Modern science is ____wonderful thing. 11. Their blue eyes became filled with ____gaiety and ____ferocity and joy, and their mouth with ____laughter. 12. It is _____greatest discovery ever made by _____man. Yet it is _____most disregarded and least used. 13. And _____passion that held Strickland was ____passion to create ___ beauty. 14. Miller used to say about ____unselfishness of ____true friendship. ____friendship which he had imposed from ____beginning he now emphasized more than ever.
15. _____art is ____manifestation of _____emotion, and emotion speaks ___ language that all may understand.
Exercise 7. Translate into English:
1. Всенародыхотятмира. 2. Мы никогда не забудем героизма, тех кто боролся против фашизма. 3. Я очень ценю в людях скромность и простоту. 4. Природа играла большую роль в творчестве романтиков. 5. С ней он мог говорить о литературе, об искусстве, о чем угодно, мог жаловаться ей на жизнь, на людей (Чехов). 6. Я хочу быть артисткой, я хочу славы, успехов, свободы (Чехов). 7. Он изучает английскую историю. 8. Он изучает историю Англии. 9. На расстоянии 20-30 шагов мы увидели странную фигуру. 10. Если вы плохо себя чувствуете, не выходите в такую погоду.
Exercise 8. Insert articles where necessary (Articles with names of persons).
1. Margaret was talking to ____Osbaldistons. 2. In ____ dim light streaming down _____stairs from behind her, he scarcely recognized _____Lily he had known. 3. _____father and _____daughter appeared at last. 4. Gradman is here, darling, and ____mother, and ____Aunt Winifred, and Kit and Michael. Is there anyone you would like to see? 5. ____professor Beans is _____man to whom you’ll be responsible for your undergraduate teaching. 6. This Pat wasn’t like ______Pat of his memories. When she smiled he saw _____Pat he had known ____of ___Pat smiling at him from ______worn photo that still lay in ______pocketbook against his heart. 7. If you are ____Napaleon, you will play _____game of ______power; if you are Leonardo, you’ll play for _____knowledge. 8. At that time I had _____greatest admiration for _____Impressionists. I longed to possess_____Sisley and _____Degas, and I worshipped ____Manet. 9. I overtook ______pretty little Hetty Sorrel as I was coming to my den. 10. This was _____famous Frank A. Cowperwood whom he had read about. 11. _____certain Joseph Zimmerman suggested that he undertake operating in street railway shares for him. 12. Elsie said she would ring up ____Doctor Worple. 13. _____poor Edward muttered something, but what it was nobody knew. 14. I have ____address of ______man in London to whom _____Professor writes. 15. I’m to meet _____Professor Hallorsen on Monday.
Exercise 9. Translate into English:
1. Он решил сходить к Туркиным. (Чехов) 2. Мой муж ревнив, это Отелло. (Чехов) 3. И мать и дочь приняли приглашение. 4. Подождите немножко, отец сейчас придет. 5. Мы сегодня идем в театр. Идет «Дядя Ваня». 6. Вы – Коля, тот самый Коля, неуклюжий, застенчивый…Коля?
Exercise 10. Insert articles where necessary (Articles with geographical names).
1 .After __ tour in__Austrian Alps they had gone to ____Hotel Splendid at ___Montroux, in order to enjoy for ___day or two ___shores of Lake Geneva. 2. Dusk was already falling on ___ noble curve of ___Themes. 3. I hear he’s off to ___Central Africa. 4. ____Cape town is in ___South Africa. 5. In ___heart of ___Central Asia lies ___Khoresm, ___ small furtive area in ___sea of ___sand. 6. ____prospect ends…in little hills that come nearly to ____sea, rudiments, those of ___Atlas Mountains. 7. “ We’ve been touring ___world… We tried ___South America… We have been three days in ___Australia.” “ Have you ever been to ___States.” 8. Michael looked quizzically at his parents. “Did he quite understand__ England of today?”
Exercise 11. Translate into English:
1.Берега Рейн очень живописны. 2. Эльбрус – очень красивая гора. «»Средиземное море находится между Европой, Азией и Африкой. 3. Венеция расположена на берегу Адриатического моря. 4. Ливингстон погиб в Центральной Африке.5. В 1937 г. археологическая экспедиция отправилась в Хорезм. Экспедицию возглавлял профессор
С. Толстов, известный специалист по истории народов средней Азии. 6. Озеро Байкал, сердце Сибири, как его называют, замечательно редкой красотой берегов и удивительным цветом воды. АкадемикБерг, выдающийсягеограф, называетБайкалчудомприроды.
Exercise 12. Insert articles where necessary ( with names of hotels, streets, ships and newspapers).
1. I am going to Folkestone today, and shall stay at ___ Metropole. 2. They were exited because thay had been dining with ___editor of ____Times, and had been given ___glimpse of next day’s paper. 3. ___boys loved him because they she told them that ____Navy had borrowed him ___US Army just in time to blow tapes on ____Mains as she was sinking, and he remained long after everyone including ___captain had abandoned ___ship. 4. He went out and ate ___ices at ___party-cook’s shop in ___Charing Cross, tried ___new coat in ____Fall Mall, and called for ___Captain Camnon, played eleven games at ___billiards with ___captain, and returned ___Russell Square. 5. Yet, in ___bright drawing room in ____Lord North Street, all he was thinking of …was what ____Telegraph, ___Guardian, the popular press, would say next day.
6. ____street was empty, unlighted save by _____reflection from ____ Grandlieu street behind them.
Exercise 13. Insert articles where necessary ( with nouns modified by proper nouns).
1 .I often go to ___Pushkin Theatre. 2. I am fond of ___Pushkin’s short tragedies.
3.____Tretyakov gallery was founded nearly ____century ago by Pavel Tretyakov. 4. I am ___ medical student and have held ___post of house surgeon at one of ___London hospitals for some time. 5. ___Fox apartment had ____spacious old-fashioned feeling. 6. Towards___end of ___year 1913 several young students living in Moscow founded ___ small group known ___students’ Drama studio. It was from that group that ____Vakhtangov Theatre sprang. ___Vakhtangov was tireless innovator. Some of ___Vakhtangov’s pupils become ___capable producers. 7. _____Pulkovo Observatory is over _____hundred years old. 8. _____sets of furniture were imitations of one of ______Louis periods.
Exercise 14. Insert articles where necessary with set expressions.
1 .The maid, looking to right and left spoke in ___ low and hurried voice. 2. On his trip round ___world with Fleur he had often put his nose out and watched the dancing on ___deck. 3. I saw ___ good deal of him during ___war. 4. Somebody important must have been arriving from Europe by ___ air. 5. On ___other hand if he was beaten he took it with complete good humour. 6. She burned like ____fire from ___head to ___foot. 7. He is beginning to lose ____heart.
8 .I got into conversation with him by _____chance at _____concert. 9. I returned at once, and found Ada sitting at _____work by ____fireside. 10. He played ____flute. 11. All of ____sudden, his face had become stony. 12. Dear, dear! It seems only ____other day since I took you down to school to at Slogh!
Exercise 15 . Insert articles or some where necessary with day, night, morning, evening.
1.___night outside seemed very quite. 2. It was ___foggy evening in November. 3. Outside it was ___night. 4. He wondered what hour it was. ___sun seemed to indicate ___late morning. 5. I think it’s going to be ___fine morning after all. 6. ___Morning was cold and sharp and sunny. 7. It was early in ___afternoon. 8. ___ fine September afternoon was dying fast. 9. It was about ten o’clock at ___night. 10. ____day was by this time approaching; ____West was dim, ____East beginning to gleam.11. On ____bright January morning _____telephones kept ringing in my office.12. He painted and read, and in ____evening, when it was dark, they sat together on ____veranda, smoking and looking at ____night.
Exercise 16. TranslateintoEnglish:
1.Утро было холодное и ветреное. 2. Был теплый летний вечер. 3. Настала ночь, и путешественники решили отдохнуть 4. Он пишет с утра до ночи. 5. Он провел бессонную ночь и был бледен. 6. И днем и ночью он думал об одном.7. Было прекрасное утро – солнечное и тихое. 8. Было раннее утроб и все в доме еще спали.
Exercise 17. Insert articles where necessary (Names of seasons).
1.It was ____winter, and ____ night of bitter cold. 2. You see, ____winter was ____very bad time for me, and I really had no money at all to buy _____bread with. 3. It was ____very dark evening for ____summer. 4. _____summer drew to ____end. 5. I wondered if _____autumn would come upon us two month before her time. 6. There was going to be ____election soon, we all knew; this was _____spring of 1955.
Exercise 18. Insert articles or some where necessary with names of meals.
1. He came in one morning when I was having ___breakfast on ___terrace of ___hotel and introduced himself. 2. I saw to it that he had ___good dinner. 3. We had ___cold bacon for ___lunch that day. I took it to be ___bacon we had not eaten for ____breakfast. But on ___clean dish with parsley it looked rather neat. 4. Come and have ___tea on ___deck. 5. Mr. Clay settled back in his chair, expecting ___good dinner. 6. ___dinner was very sound.
Exercise 19. Insert articles or some where necessary with bed, school, prison, town.
1. It was 11 o’clock. Annette was still in ___bed. 2. Stephan , who had been sitting on the edge of ___bed, came near to her and smiled for ___ first time. 3. Dollores said nothing all ___way to ___town. 4. Before that she had taught history in___ girls’ school. 5. ___school was not ____particularly good one. 6. _____prison where Little Dorrit was born was called “The Mashalsea”. 7. I haven’t done anything that warrants my running away or going to ___prison, either, I’m nearly going there to save at ____present. 8. ____of us had finished eating, but Cave had cut himself another slice _____cheese.
Exercise 20. Insert articles where necessary ( with names of hotels, streets, ships and newspapers).
1. I am going to Folkestone today, and shall stay at ___ Metropole. 2. They were exited because thay had been dining with ___editor of ____Times, and had been given ___glimpse of next day’s paper. 3. ___boys loved him because they she told them that ____Navy had borrowed him ___US Army just in time to blow tapes on ____Mains as she was sinking, and he remained long after everyone including ___captain had abandoned ___ship. 4. He went out and ate ___ices at ___party-cook’s shop in ___Charing Cross, tried ___new coat in ____Fall Mall, and called for ___Captain Camnon, played eleven games at ___billiards with ___captain, and returned ___Russell Square. 5. Yet, in ___bright drawing room in ____Lord North Street, all he was thinking of …was what ____Telegraph, ___Guardian, the popular press, would say net day.