III. THE ADJECTIVE.


Degrees of comparison of Adjectives and Adverbs having two ways of forming comparative and superlative degrees

(Степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий, имеющих две формы для сравнительной и превосходной степеней)    

 

far

(далекий, далеко)

farther

более отдаленный

Употребляется, когда речь идет о расстоянии

farthest

самый дальный

further

дальнейший

Употребляется, когда надо показать, что далее следует продолжение

 

Exercise  1. State the morphological composition of the following adjectives:

 

Pretty, bushy, weather-stained, thoughtful, hard-hearted, illegitimate, sober, low-bred, improbable, skeptical, counter-revolutionary, careworn,  beloved, wicked, disobedient, long-legged, regular, water-proof, large, well-timed, courageous, panic-stricken, blindfold, Portuguese, newly-baked, antique, peace-making, forlorn, illegible, abundant, red-haired, small, deep-blue, bookish, snow-white, respectable-looking.

 

Exercise  2.  Give the comparative and superlative adjectives:

 

Cosy, merciful, bad, complete, fat, cheap, big, clumsy, stupid, far, miserable, narrow, simple, merry, regular, expensive, low, deep, sad, significant, intimate, lazy, old, serious, tiny, clever, little, considerable, good, much, dark, beautiful, dear, fit.

 

Exercise  3.  Use  the  adjective in the comparative and superlative degree:

 

1.They had dined well and were now drinking hard… their faces getting ___ and ____ (red, red)

2. Was there anything  in the world ____ than indecision? (bad) 3. He was only five years ____

than I was, which made him forty-five. (young) 4. ___sin towards our fellow creatures is not to hate them ,but to be indifferent to them.(bad) 5. He had been a greater fencer, before the war, ____ fencer in Italy. (great) 6. She received congratulations as if she were _____of women. (happy) 7. Rate remembered the little general; he was a good deal _____than herself. (small)

8. I  think we’ll resume the conversation when you’re a little ______, Caroline. (calm) 9. They had never made _____pretence of believing him. (little) 10. Things went from bad to _____. (bad) 11. He felt her breathing grow _____and _____(slow, easy) 12. To be ashamed of his own father is perhaps ______ experience a young man can go through. (bitter) 13. It’s _____in here than it is on the street. (hot) 14. I think you are about _____girl in school. (pretty) 15. All his life he had taken pains to be ______, ______ than his fellows. (strong, brave)

 

Exercise  4. Translate into English:

1. Киев – более древний город чем Москва; это один из древних городовУкраины. 2. В 16 веке Испания была самой могущественной державой мира. 3. Волга длиннее Днепра; эта самая длинная река Европы. 4. Ватикан – самое маленькое государство и Европе. 5. Одной из важнейших проблем сегодняшнего дня является установление прочного и длительного мира. 6. Точка кипения (the boiling point) спирта ниже чем точки кипения воды. 7. Платина тяжелее золота; это из самых тяжелых металлов. 8. Утро было прекрасное, но к вечеру погода стала хуже, ветер усилился, и темны тучи окрыли небо.

Exercise  5. Point out the substantivized adjectives:

 

1.We must take the bitter with the sweet. 2. She warned the domestics not to touch the child, as Mrs. Osborn might be offended. 3. It was a surprise to the optimistic: but it was even more of a surprise to the experienced. 4. Oh, I know he is a right good fellow, but it belongs to the rank of the imposible.5. Imogen turning her glance from one to the other of the “old dears”, only smiled.6. How do I know what’s gone on between you?  The rights and the wrongs of it. I don’t want to know. 7. This year I covered half of the world and saw people in such numbers – it seems to me I saw everybody but the dead. 8. But they had been such innocents then! 9. The poor must stand together everywhere.