V. THE VERB.
Exercise 1. State the morphological composition of the verbs.
to worry, precipitate, to forbid, to retire, to retell, to do away, to whitewash, to ascend, to apologize, to engage, to enfold, to give in, to decompose, to translate, to transport, to browbeat, to subscribe,, to subordinate, to run away, to underestimate, to backbite, to mislead, to forget, to succeed, to disobey, to take off, to overrun, to satisfy, to recede, to come in, to resign, to superintend, to descend, to blackmail, to put up, to unbind, to win, to counteract, to go on, to forecast, to befriend, to go away, to lie, to predispose.
Exercise 2. Point out notional, auxiliary, modal and link verbs.
She went into the drawing room and lighted the fire; then picking up the cushions, one by one, that Mary had disposed so carefully, she threw them back onto the chairs and the couches. That made all the difference; the room came alive at once. As she was about to throw the last one, she surprised herself by suddenly hugging it to her, passionately, passionately. But it did not put on the fire in her bosom. Oh, on the contrary. The windows of the drawing-room opened onto a balcony overlooking the garden. At the far end, against the wall, there was a tall, slender pear tree in fullest, richest bloom; it stood perfect, as though becalmed against the jade-green sky. Bertha couldn’t help feeling, even from this distance, that it had not a single bud or a faded petal. Down below, in the garden beds, the red and yellow tulips, heavy with flowers, seemed to lean upon the dusk. A grey cat, dragging its belly, crept across the lawn, and a black one, its shadow, trailed after. The sight of them, so intent and so quick, gave Bertha a curious shiver. Really – really – she had everything. She was young. Harry and she were as much in love as ever, and they got on together splendidly. She had an adorable baby. They didn’t have to worry about money. They had this absolutely satisfactory house and garden.
Exercise 3. Point out all the verbs. State whether they are transitive or intransitive.
1. She had spoiled his life, wounded his pride to death, and defrauded him of a son. 2. The door opened, a thickset heavy-looking young man entered. 3. The paddock was fairly well filled with people and they were walking the horses around in a ring under the trees behind the grandstand. 4. Fleur did not answer. She stood for a moment looking at him and her mother… 5. After turning the master over and consulting with Irene, he wrote to his daughter, Mrs.Val. Dartie… 6. The soldiers pushed the foreign workers into groups and led them off. 7. Hughson marched him up to a sort of large desk that was all glass and shining metal. 8. While she stood hesitating, the door opened, and an old man came forth shading a candle with one hand. 9. Fleur looked at her watch and rose.10. It was Fleur’s turn now. She spoke of dogs, and the way people treated them. 11. The stream which worked the mill came bubbling down in a dozen rivulets. 12. He was waiting for us… at the public house; and asked me how I found myself, like an old acquaintance. I did not feel, at first, that I knew him as well as he was born, and naturally he had the advantage of me.
Exercise 4 . Comment on the use and meaning of the given verbs:
To be. 1. This envelope was among the scarves. 2. He was trying up the left arm and wasn’t listening. 3. They were given a bad table. The heat was tropical. 4. He saw the girl who had been watching him closely throughout the meeting. 5. The worse was yet to come.
To have. 1.I have the key. I always carry the key. 2. The band had been having a rest. 3. The guard had quietly accepted the loss of the gun. 4. We had lunch at a quarter to one.
To do. 1.You don’t know what you can do until you try. 2. You do love me, don’t you, darling?
3. What have you been doing lately? 4. “Don’t cry!” Ben ordered him now. 5. He had originally done them a favour.
To feel. 1. He felt for a bunch of keys in his pocket. 2. I felt physically sick. 3. It was a long time since I had received a letter from my wife. I could feel her pain in every line.
To fall. 1. At last they (the dogs) fell on each other with terribly fury. 2. Dr. Macphail did not answer, and presently he fell asleep. 3. But soon he fell into a walk, then ran, and then walked again. 4. Ben fell back clumsily on to the two-inch coral edge of the water-line.
To keep. I hid the paper under the cushion of the chair…. But I could not keep the morning edition from him. 2. He kept very still, and when he breathed out he kept the valve well into the coral behind him so that the air bubbles… did not frighten them (sharks). 3. The fire had kept him of the alert day and night.