XII. THE MOOD. THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD.
Exercise 1. Replace the Infinitive by the Subjunctive Mood.
1. If it (to be) so dark, I (to read) a little before I go to sleep. 2. If it ( not to be) so dark, we (not to lose) the way last night. 3. The flowers ( to grow) much better if you ( to water) them regularly. 4. We’ve got only ten minutes left. We ( not to make) it even if we ( to hurry up). 5. Even if I ( to want) to , I ( can do) nothing about it now. 6. The accident ( not to happen) if the driver (to observe) the traffic rules. 7. It’s too cold. I 9to go) for a swim if it ( to be warmer). 8. If he ( not to be) so absent-minded, he ( not to lose) his paper. 9. You are wrong. I ( to reconsider) your decision if I ( to be) you. 10. I had too little time. I ( not to translate) the article even if I ( to have) a dictionary.
Exercise 2. Insert the appropriate form of the Subjunctive Mood. Comment on the use of the Subjunctive Mood.
1. God ____ me from such friends in future ( to save). 2. I keep a diary in order to enter the
wonderful secrets of my life. If I ____them down, I ____probably ___ all about them ( not to
write, to forget). 3. He seemed to be dozing when she returned and she put the fire together very softly lest she ____ him ( to awake). 4. If necessary, I could cable her to tell her his address in order that she____Australia without seeing him ( not to leave). 5. This was true, and he ____ to meditate on this sad confession if he ____otherwise engaged ( to pause, not to be). 6. Tell them I leave my country that I ____free, and it is the end and the beginning. 7. “Mr. Penty”, said the doctor…, “in my experience, very fewpeople are perfectly well, although they___ they are ( to imagine).” 8. I ___you if I ____a way out, but there isn’t one ( not to press, to see). 9. And, fearful lest he ____Soames turned away and mounted slowly to his room ( to see – Passive Voice).
Exercise 3. Insert the appropriate form of the Subjunctive Mood. Translate the sentences
1. I ___it a few months ago, Mr. Chapin ( to believe). 2. If I ___you, I think I ____very much as you do ( to be, to feel). 3. He was a power in the College, and ____in any society (to be). 4. I like the place. The air suits me. I ____surprised if I ____here ( not to be, to settle down). 5.Well, that wasn’t true what she said and, if it ____that ____no business of hers ( to be, to be). 6. I honestly think it ___ better, if we ____each for a while ( to be, not to see). 7. If you ____already married, Mr. Clay. I ____for you ( not to be, to wait). 8. But, of course, she had to choose this evening to go and to see her mother ( to be, to do). 9. If he ___ ordinary, I ____him ( to be, not to love). 10. And if anything ___ to him, there ____something in the Press ( to happen, to be).
Exercise 4. Insert the appropriate form of the Subjunctive Mood. Comment on the use of the Subjunctive Mood.( Adverbial clauses of purpose, concession, comparison, predicative clauses, and objective, subjective, attributive clauses, sentences with the emotional should).
1. She took up her work and began to sew, as if it ____always her custom to work in this room.
( to be). 2. You ____to carry so much weight if you ____the proper exercise. ( not to have take).
3. I thought it was necessary that we ___ a short conversation before I left this house. ( to have).
4. I dared not to express my anxiety, lest it ___her to offence ( to give). 5. Strange that so simple a thing ___ birth to beautiful delight ( to give). 6. I wish Fleur ___seriously to water-colour work ( to take). 7. I wish I ____your talent ( to have). 8. : I want to be treated with respect” , Miss. Zelinka wailed. “ I was brought uy in a good family, why I ___ with respect?” ( not to treat).
9. You look as if you ___tooth ache… ( to have). 10. Then he looked at his hands; he looked at them as if he ___just___ he has them and ___ yet ___what they were for ( to discover, not to puzzle out). 11. The poor little woman will stand up for her brother, whatever he ___( to be). 12. Andrews turns up the coller of his coat, least he ___( to recognize – Passive Voice). 13. Do you think she ____and have lunch with me if I ___ her? ( to come, to telephone). 14. He had to admit to himself that whatever Miss. Dobb’s faults ___ she was the right sort of girl to take to a restaurant ( to be).
Ex1ercise 5. Insert the appropriate forms of the Subjunctive Mood and translate the sentences into Russian.
1. And if I ____I was going to meet you, I differently ( to know, to dress). 2. Just think, if I ____ the picture I ____a rich woman now (to buy, to be). 3. “ She told me the other day that her heart stopped for 5 minutes when that horrid nurse was rude to her”. “ Nonsense! She ___ alive now if her heart ___ for 5 seconds” ( not to be, to stop). 4. The story I have to tell ___ never ___ if one day I ___across the street (to happen, not to walk). 5. “ She is wretched”, I told him, “ that she ___ gladly ___ tomorrow morning if it ___ for the baby” ( to die, not to be).
Exercise 6. Insert the appropriate forms of the Subjunctive Mood. Comment on the type of the adverbial clauses.
1. Mrs. Strickland was taking her family to the coast of Norfolk, so that the children ___ the sea and her husband golf ( to have). 2. Without her health she ___ never ___ able to achieve an independent establishment ( to be). 3. It seemed unbearable to him that she ___ ( to suffer).
4. I hate telephones. I wish I ___never ___ one put in ( to have). 5. Lady Bracknell, I admit with shame that I do not know. I only with I ___ ( to do). 6. But I still don’t begin to understand why these people, however silly they ___ about their beliefs, ___ ready to risk murder ( to be, to be). 7. For a fortnight it was necessary that someone ___ with him all night, and she took turns at watching with her husband ( to stay).
Exercise 7. Supply the necessary forms of the subjunctive Mood in brackets in the following object clause.
1. He only requests that he (to allow) to see the heads of some departments.
2. Brady proposed that they (to walk) down to the sea.
3. I saw that I (to be) mistaken in believing that Uncle Nick (to be) ill.
4. He was annoyed that they (to choose) the day of his departure for the party.
5. I’m glad that you (to drop) in.
6. It was lunch time. He knew that they (to be) safely occupied for an hour at least.
7. He was determined that his enemies (to pay).
8. I was a little surprised that such a little boy (to read) the life of Milton.
9. She soon discovered that never (to see) The Status of Liberty or any of the museums in New York.
10. She asked that her affair never (to speak) of.
11. Bill, you’re up to something. I wish I (to know) what it is.
12. I wish I (to be) quite sure that she is altogether honest.
13. I wish you (to go) up and ( to see) Willy.
14. She almost wished it (to be) an ordinary day and that there (to be) no such things as holidays.
15. At the first sight of his host Andrew almost wished he (to come).
Exercise 8. Translate the following sentences into English using the appropriate forms of the Subjunctive Mood in Object clauses:
1. Потом он предложил прекратить дискуссию и поговорить о чем-нибудь другом.
2. Мою мать звали Лидия, и она всегда настаивала, чтобы мы называли ее этим именем.
3. После ужина он предложил пойти в кино, но она отказалась.
4. Он сердится, что я влюбилась в его сестру.
5. Он настаивал, чтобы я взял отпуск.
6. В открытке он предлагал, чтобы они встретились в Национальной галерее.
7. Как только мы сели, он потребовал, чтобы свечи убрали.
8. Чарльз посоветовал, чтобы мы поели и потом пошли в театр.
9. Он попросил, чтобы мы не занимали этот вечер.
10. Ее мать пригласила их остановиться у нее, но Энн настаивала, чтобы они пошли в гостиницу.
Exercise 9. Supply the necessary forms of the subjunctive Mood in brackets in the following clauses of comparison and predicative clauses introduced by as if and as though.
1. Her lips were parted as if (to be) out of breath.
2. Bateman felt as though someone (to give) him a violent blow.
3. He couldn’t move his legs as if they (to be) struck on the floor.
4. She spoke of this and that as though she (to make) conversation with a stranger.
5. He looked as if he already (to decide) on some action.
6. It looked as though he (to be) filled with an overwhelming joy.
7. Jones greeted me as if I (to be) an old school-friend whom he had not seen for years.
8. Her eyes were sparkling as though she (to laugh) at us.
9. She was red and swollen as if she (to run).
10. He looked as though he (not to move) since I left him the previous night.
Exercise 10. Translate the following sentences into English using the appropriate forms of the Subjunctive Mood the following clauses of comparison and predicative clauses introduced by as if and as though.:
1. Он сидел за столом, как если бы писал, но он не писал и не читал.
2. Он смотрел на меня так, как будто не понимал меня.
3. Собака приветствовала Фрэнка, как будто они давно не виделись.
4. Они не разговаривали, как будто они были так счастливы быть вместе, что разговоры были излишни.
5. У него был такой вид, как будто он вот-вот расплачется.
6. Она чувствовала себя очень усталой, как будто она очень долго гуляла.
7. Она продолжала оглядывать комнату, как будто искала кого-то.
8. Они разговаривали друг с другом тихими голосами, как будто они были в церкви.
Exercise 11. Supply the necessary forms of the verbs in brackets in the following conditional sentences.
1. If his mother (not to go ) out, the boy (to turn) off the TV set and (to go) to bed.
2. If it (to be) not for the journalists, everything ( to be) perfectly easy.
3. If your father ( to be) here , he ( to give) you a piece of his mind.
4. I’m glad that he turned this offer down. There (to be) no turning back if he ( to accept) it.
5. I don’t know what ( to happen) if this (to go) on much longer.
6. Don’t you see that if things like that ( to happen) life ( to be) quite different?
7. You really (to follow) me if I ( to go) away?
8. I believe you ( to make) her stay if it ( to be) not so late.
9. It ( to be) better if you ( to take) things cooly, as you do.
10. i (to be) grateful if you ( to keep) the news to yourself.
11. I ( to be) in the drawing-room in case there (to be) a a telephone call.
12. Many people ask themselves: “ What ( to do) differently if I ( to have) another chance?”
13. He wondered how he (to feel) if his former wife ( to come) into the room in which he happened to be.
14. Philip says they ( to miss) me if I ( to leave) before their wedding.
15. In case any crisis ( to arise), let me know.
Exercise 12. Finish the following conditional sentences:
1. The cake wouldn’t have burned if …
2. You wouldn’t have got into trouble if…
3. Your dress would look nicer if…
4. She would have married him if…
5. I would have come earlier if …
6. He would have got wet through if …
7. I would take her to the party if …
8. He would drive straight home if ..
9. If it were not for the coming wedding …
10. If it hadn’t been for the departure …
11. If it were not for the message that he received …
12. If had known you were here …
13. If you would not interfere …
14. If the play had been so long …
15. If I were you …
Exercise 13. Translate the following conditional sentences into English:
1. Я бы никогда не подумал, что это возможно, если бы я не увидел этого своими глазами.
2. Я бы не стал делать этого на твоем месте.
3. В случае, если тебе придется неожиданно уехать, пришли мне записку.
4. Пьеса понравилась бы мне больше, если бы она не была такой длинной.
5. Если бы не его болезнь, семья переехала бы в город.
6. Если бы пошел дождь, я бы промокла до костей, так как на мне было очень легкое платье.
7. Куда бы ты пошел, если бы не было дождя?
8. Если бы сказал, что-нибудь подобное твоей тетушке, она сочла бы меня сумасшедшим.
9. Я буду у себя дома весь вечер на случай, если ты передумаешь?
10. Если бы ты не был так занят, мы могли бы пойти куда-нибудь пообедать.
11. Если бы у нас не было бы багажа, мы могли бы дойти до станции пешком.
12. Посиди с ним, и, если он вдруг попросит чего-нибудь, скажи мне.
Exercise 14. . Supply the necessary forms of the verbs in brackets in the following sentences:
1. If I ( to realize) it was to be like this I ( not to come).
2. Now she acted as if she ( not to care).
3. They drove with the windows closed so that they ( not to catch) cold.
4. I was sitting until you came so that we ( to eat) together.
5. She sent a message to some friends asking them to look in so that she ( not to be) alone with Ed in the evening.
6. Mary is staying with me. I think it ( to be) a good thing if you ( to come) and ( to see) her.
7. I thought it was necessary that we (to have) a short talk before I left the house.
8. He sounded as though he ( not to want) us to see, ( not to want) himself to see, that he was happy.
9. After a while she saw Tommy. She went straight towards him, as if she (to look) for him all the while.
10. She had brought the nurse back to attend to Laura, so that all her time ( to be) for her husband and his mother.
Exercise 15. Translate the following sentences into English using the appropriate forms of the Subjunctive Mood:
1. Он улыбался, как будто не веря тому, что я говорю.
2. Запри дверь, чтобы нам никто не мешал.
3. Я оставил ему записку на столе, чтобы он ее увидел, как только вернется.
4. Он сказал то, что другие тоже могли бы сказать, будь они более откровенны.
5. Пол в этой комнате был такой грязный, как будто его не подметали несколько дней.
6. Как жаль, что ты не видел письма. Оно бы тете все объяснило.
7. Его отец решил, что он должен изучать юриспруденцию.
8. Я настаиваю, чтобы мы остались здесь.
9. Пора бы нам его будить.
10. Как жаль, что я не знала, что тебе нужна эта книга. Я бы могла купить ее в Лондоне.