XIII. THE ADVERB. THE CONJUNCTION. THE PREPOSITION.
Exercise 1. State the morphological composition of the following adverbs:
Where , abroad , too , tenfold , nowadays , inside , quickly , underneath , once , homeward , seldom , nowhere , heartily , afoot , headlong , twice , beyond , then , eastward , otherwise , upstairs , rarely , late , outside , ahead , forever , so , beneath , forward , fast , scarcely , inquiringly , sometimes , good-naturedly.
Exercise 2. Point out the adverbs and define the group each belong to:
1. She talked to them naturally , sang a little song to them … and gave them their toys.
2. He / Jolyon/ was free to go off with his easel where and when he liked. 3. Patients insist on having microbes nowadays. 4. As soon as Annette found herself outside , she began to run.
5. I never felt better in my life. 6. I sometimes think there is nothing before me but hard work.
7. yes, George had lived too fast, or would not have been dying twenty years before his time – too fast ! 8. She consulted her husband at once. 9. Fleur having declared that it was “ simply too wonderful to stay indoors” , they all went out. 10. And she lived at Mapledurham , a jolly name , too , on the river somewhere. 11. They had been dancing together. 12. He / Soames/ remembered her birthday well – he had always observed it religiously. 13. The driver was ordered to take the car to the pool, and Jates and Karen went afoot. 14. Why, you’ve hardly started , it isn’t fair to bother you. 15. Twice I doubled round corners, thrice I crossed the road and came back on my tracks. 16. He took a few steps towards her and looked at her then at the open doorway downstairs. 17. In another moment Adyl was leading the way downstairs. 18. Soames looked at her hard. 19. She seems to be simple enough. 20. I must get money somewhere.
Ex. 3. Point out modal words. And define their meaning.
1. Over the ridge she would find him. Surely she would find him. 2. She’s just engaged to him. Of course she is frightfully excited about it, and naturally he wants her to come away and marry. 3. Winifred could barely get a word out of him, he ate nothing, but he certainly took his liquor and his face kept getting whiter. 4. She was probably dissatisfied just as he was.
5. Knowledge of something kept from her made him, no doubt, unduly sensitive. 6. The Buccaneer, watching him go so sadly, felt sorry perhaps for his behavior to the old man. 7. Thorp was actually too sick to see anyone. My dear Ma’am , you deserve a very excellent husband – you do indeed. 8. Bertine and I are just on our way home, truely. 9. He saw Fleur, standing near the door, holding a handkerchief which the boy had evidently just handed to her.” Allow me, Sir, the houour of grasping your hand – permit me, Sir, to shake it”, said the grave man. “ certainly”, said Mr. Pickwick.
Exercise 4. State the morphological composition of the following prepositions:
In , below , with regard to , during , concerning , till , in front of , without , behind , in view of , outside , off , into , until , across , according to , with , along , up , inside , out of , owing to , at , regarding.
Exercise 5. Insert prepositions and define their meaning where possible :
1.The life ___ the Dutch settlement now began to be built into the life___ the American nation.
2. Bitterly tired , he lay down ___ the sofa __ his fur coat and fell asleep. 3. ___ the appointed time ___ the evening Mr. Micawber reappeared. 4. They were ___ earnest conversation. ___time ___ time they would halt and one ___ them would , it seemed , explain something ___ the other , who ___ turn would nod his head sagely. 5. There was only one other event ___ this half-year , … that made an impression ___ me which still survives.
6. He reached his house ___ midnight. 7. He looked ___ his watch. ___ half an hour the doctor would be back. 8. Bing went ___ the soldier, who had the serious face ___ a child thrown ___ the world too soon. 9. He stared ___ her ___ amazement. He hat forgotten that she was ignorant ___ his story and ___ his flight ___ Carlion . 10. ___ these studies the excellent Mrs. O’Dowd was ___ great assistance __ him. 11. ___ some difficulty he explained the position ___ theirs. They listened ___ him __ silence only half believing what he said. 12. Mrs. Reed’s hands still lay ___ her work inactive , her eyes ___ ice continued to dwell freezingly ___ mine. 13. When ___ the first week ___ December he decided to go ___Paris , he was far ___ admitting that Irene’s presence was influencing him. 14. Stroeve was, of cause, delighted ___her. He could not do enough to show his gratitude ___ the whole hearted devotion ___ which she had accepted the burden he laid ____her. 15. Just before christmas, Reggie Burnside passed ___ London ___ his way ___ Murren He dropped ___Elizabeth’s studio __tea.
Exercise 3. State the morphological composition of the following conjunctions:
For , as well as , unless , now that , and , neither … nor , while , although , not only … but / also/, provided , as though , supposing , no sooner … than , or , so that , if , both … and , as long as , so , either … or , as …as , when , until , before , as if , as soon as , lest , for fear that , notwithstanding , nor.
Exercise 4. State the coordinating and subordinating conjunctions and define the groups each belong to:
1.The stranger had not gone far , so he made after him to ask the name. 2.She stood quite silent while Butler appealed to her. 3. Be quick, or it may be too late. 4. Since Miss Wilfer rejected me, I have never again urged my suit. 5. Mrs. Septimus Small let fall no word, neither did she question June about him. 6. He could not see no one, and he began to believe that either his instinct had deceived him, or else that the shadowing was over. 7. I extinguished my taper, locked my bureau, and left her, since she would not leave me. 8. The river was not so high, so there was not more than a two or three mile current. 9. Once they reached the open country the car leapt forward like a mad thing. 10. We’ re as we’re made. 11. Give me your promise that this shall be done. 12. He prized the pencil, because it had been a gift from his mother.