XVI. THE SECONDARY PARTS OF THE SENTENCE



THE OBJECT

Exercise 1. Point out the object. Define the kind of the object.

1.Read it.  Read it to everybody. She used to read to me while I was working. 2. Write this word! Write a few words to them!  Write to him, he will be so glad to hear from you. 3. Sing a song! She sang old Irish songs to the grateful listeners. Won’t you sing to us.

Exercise  2 . Oral exercise on the position of the indirect object.

Place direct object before the indirect object to make the latter more prominent. Use the preposition to or for.

 

Model: Give me the book.—Give the book to me.

1. Show the children this wonderful picture-book. 2. Tell somebody else this funny story. 3. Send her people a telegram. 4. Write his parents a letter of congratulation. 5. Can't you lend him a small sum of money? 6. Don't forget to buy your grandmother a new pair of spectacles in a leather case. 7. Bring us your family photos. 8. Don't give me back the money;   it  isn't mine.   9.   Pass him  the  butter. 10.You   needn't  return  him   the  book:   it belongs  to  his sister. 11. Show her the snapshots. I've seen them  already.  12. Buy him a bicycle, his sister has got one.

Exercise 3. Insert the preposition to where necessary.

1.Explain ____me how to do it. 2. My sister related ____me all than happened. 3. I often lend my dictionary _____my friend.  4. He can prove  this ____everybody any moment. 5. He did not suggest ____ them that they should do it. 6. Describe ____ us all the details of the accident. 7. The author dedicated ____ to the memory of his parents all the poems collected in his book. 8. These poems are ascribed___ the pen of a young and gifted poet. 9. He introduced ____his aunt all his young friends.     10. Can you lend ____me your raincoat, please? 11. Has the doctor prescribed____ you any new medicine? 12. We sent___ her a basket of beautiful flowers. 13.Don’t send the money ____ me, send it ____ your grandmother. 14. Give it___ me. 15. Give (the pen, me) (2).

Exercise 4. Comment on the kind of the object and say what it is expressed by. Translate into Russian.

 

1. You can leave your homework in the meantime. (Cronin). 2. She's capable of deciding. (Greene). 3. Sir. Heng sent a polite verbal reply. (Greene). 4. She was leaning on the banisters, listening to something. (Joyce). 5. Palmerston: One must leave some goal for succeeding generations. (Berkeley). 6. And I shall go on fighting for the trust reposed in me by the dead. (Berkeley). 7. ...What would she think of him doing that, when everything ... depended on his not cheeking the foreman? (Galsworthy). 8. But the one revelation that always hurt her was his conception of his father as someone ... who knew wonderful things but didn't like to talk. (Wilson). 9. What have you got there? 10. She pretended not to hear.          11.Marcellus found the luggage packed and strapped for the journey. 12. I know all about it, me son. 13. I have to show Dr. French his room. 14. I never heard you express that opinion before, sir. 15.Halting, he waited for the Roman to speak first. (Douglas) 16. He was with you at the banquet. (Douglas) 17. They don't want anything from us — not even our respect. (Doug­las)18. I beg your pardon for calling you by your name. (Shaw) 19. I found myself pitying the Baron. (Mansfield) 20. I've got it framed up , with Gilly to drive him anywhere. (Kahler) 21. He smiled upon the young men a smile at once personal and presidential. (Kahler%\A. Gal-lio didn't know how to talk with Marcellus about it. (Douglas) 22. Laura helped her mother with the good-byes. (Mansfield) 23. Why did you not want him to come back and see me to-day? (Mansfield) 24. Mr. Jinks, not exactly knowing what to do, smiled a dependant's smile. (Dickens) 25. He found it impossible to utter the next word. (Kahler) 26. Marcellus issued crisp orders and insisted upon absolute obedience. (Douglas) 27. He's going to live his own life and stop letting his mother boss him around like a baby. (Kahlery).28.I will suffer no priest to in­terfere in my business. (Shaw) 29. Papa will never consent to my being absolutely dependent on you. (Shaw) 30. Do you know anything more about this dreadful place? (Douglas) 31. She hated Frisco and hated herself for having yielded to his kisses. (Prichard) 32. They had been very hard to please. Harry would demand the impossible. (Mansfield) 33. His part in the conversation consisted chiefly of “yeses” and “noes”. (Kahler) 27. Michelangelo could not remember having seen apainting or sculpture of the simplest nature in a Buanarrotti house. (Stone)

 

Exercise 5.Point out the Complex Object and say by what it is expressed. Translate into Russian.

 

I. He could see the man and Great Beaver talking together. (Lon­don) 2. She had lied about the scullery door being open on the night of the disappearance of the bank-notes. (Bennett) 3. Each woman thought herself triumphant and the other altogether vanquished. (Buck) 4. Thus these two waited with impatience for the three years to be over. (Buck) 5.'Sammy watched Mr Cheviot slowly take the re­ceiver from the girl. (Priestley) 6. He hated her to work in the boarding house. (Prichard) 7. The Consul felt his legs give way. (Cronin) 8. Mother objected to Aimee being taken away from her game with the boys. (Prichard) 9. They had never heard him speak with such urgency, his eyes glowing like amber coals in the fading light. (Stone)

 

Exercise6. TranslateintoEnglish.

 

1.Он посвящал музыке все свободное время. 2. Объясните мне, пожалуйста, значение новых слов. 3. Мы приписываем теплому те­чению мягкий климат этого острова. 4. Он открыл нам секрет своего изобретения. 5. Байрон посвятил одну из своих поэм Гете. 6. Вы видели, чтобы кто-нибудь вышел из комнаты? 7. Она объявила нам о своем желании уехать работать на целину. 8. Не приписывайте мне того, чего я никогда не делал. 9. Он посвящает общественной работе все свое свободное время. 10. Мне вчера не починили часы. 11. Я ни когда не слышал, чтобы об этом студенте плохо отзывались. 12. Я хо­чу перешить свое пальто. 13. Войдя в картинную галерею, я увидела мою приятельницу, стоявшую у окна. 14. Она хотела, чтобы ей сшили пальто к Новому году. 15. Спойте нам. 16. Спойтенамещеоднуариюиз «ЕвгенияОнегина»

 

Exercise 7. Complete the following sentences (add a cognate object, using it with the words given in brackets).

 

1.      A young man died ….(of a hero).

2.      The old man sighed …..(deep).

3.      He has lived….(long and interesting).

4.      After the excursion we all slept….(sound).

5.      Listening to the funny story he laughed_____(hearty).

6.      Looking at the baby the mother smiled….(happy).

7.      Ye struck his enemy….(deadly).

8.      The troops won….(glorious).

 

 

 

 

Oral exercises on the use of the Complex Object

 

Exercise 8. Form a complex object expressed a) by an Infinitive construction,

b) a participial construction, c) a gerundial construction.

 

 

A.      I

heard

saw

(they, to laugh) heartily

want

expect

believe

 

(they, to return) as soon as possible

Spring

makes

(I  to feel) well again

The teacher

orders

allows

(the dictionary, to de used)

They

waited

for (she, to sing)

for (the dinner, to be cooked)

B.     We

saw

found

heard

(the clouds, to cover)

(he, to sit) in my room

She

had

got

(her dress, to alter) again

(her things, packed)

 

 

C.      I

don’t mind

 

(he, to come) again

(Tom, to take part) in the discussion

 

insist

rely

on (you, to do) it at once

on (the letter, to be posted) immediately

They

agree

to (Helen, to go) there on Sunday

don’t approve

of (he, to be sent) there again

object

to (your friend, to take) the book

 

Exercise 9. Insert a verb suitable to be followed by a complex object ( to insist,

to make, to keep, to find, to wait, to hear, to want, to expect, to see, to let, to get).

 

1.Nothing will____me believe it was true. 2. I ____him laughing loudly. 3. The father_____his son to be an educated man. 4. I shall never be able to____my packing done by myself. 5. I am not going ____you go home alone so late at night. 6. We_____them cross the bridge. 7. We____him to come soon. 8. The public were ____for the curtain to rise. 9. He _____them walking alone a shady alley. 10. I didn’t intend to ____you waiting. 11. They_____on my writing another letter.

Exercise 10. Translate into English paying attention to the use of constructions with objects of all kind.

 

1.Но на мой вопрос не ответили. 2.Не спорьте с ним, ведь у него профессиональное знание предмета.3. В чем состоит их предложение? 4. Разрешите взглянуть на вашу газету, если вы ее прочли. 5. Не боитесь проиграть партию? 6. Они были заняты проверкой двигателя перед стартом. 7. Я очень рад, что сумел вам дать хороший совет. 8. Закончила ли она, наконец, свои тренировки. 9. Положитесь на него, он вас не подведет. 10. Этому человеку есть чем гордиться: он прожил жизнь борца за правду. 11. Вы удовлетворены принятым решением? 12. Кто будет оперировать больного? 13. Попроси тетю Полю присмотреть за детьми. 14. Он почувствовал, что за ним кто-то следит. 15. Если работа слишком трудна для вас, можете передать ее кому-нибудь другому.

 

Exercise 11. Translate into English using a Complex Object.

 

1.Никто не видел, как он вошел в комнату. 2. Ему принесли пакет (to have). 3. Он попросил, чтобы пакет ему принесли в кабинет. 4. Он потребовал, чтобы паллет распечатали. 5. Преподаватель будет недоволен тем, что вы не написали перевода. 6. Я считаю, что П. – один из выдающихся музыкантов нашего времени. 7. Мы ожидали, что она скоро вернется. 8. Она хочет, чтобы ее сын знал два иностранных языка. 9. Я бы очень хотел, чтобы вы скорее уехали на дачу. 10. Чей-то голос заставил (tomake) его оглянуться. 11. Повлияйте на него, чтобы он обратился к доктору. 12. Она почувствовала, что ее руки сильно дрожали. 13. От ветра лодка слегка покачивалась (to cause).14.Вы когда-нибудь слышали, как оно говорит по-английски? 15. Я знаю, что он прекрасный переводчик. 16. Гроза помещала нам отправиться на прогулку. 17. Врач настаивал на том, чтобы я прекратил работу. 18. Я считаю, что он очень талантливый художник.