XVII. THE ATTRIBUTE
Exercise 1. Point out the attribute. State what it is expressed by. Translate the sentence into Russian.
1. Great talker are little doers. 2. A friend in need is a friend indeed. 3. Two much of a good thing is good for nothing. 4. The third time is always lucky.5. The next day’s journey was a long time. 6. The new visitor was a fine tall man with a pleasant open face. 7. The ex-chemistry professor was a small, dreamy-looking man, gentle and kindly in manner, and usually completely absent-minded.
8. That was a very different and a very much more difficult thing. 9. He pointed to the dog looking at me hopefully. 10. The methods used proved to be very effective. 11. He asked to give him a few books to read. 12. He never kept his promise to come back. 13. He knew there was no chance of succeeding. 14. They had no difficulty in identifying the picture stolen from the museum. 14. There was little hope of the mail being delivered in time. 15. Why can’t you give up that wild idea of yours? 16.There was nothing to say. 17. She was the first to help me. 18. I have a lot of things to do. 19.There is nothing more to be done. 20. I have no intention to follow them. 21. Scientists from different countries will be present at the conference shortly to open in our city. 22. I hope to attend all the lectures to be delivered on this subject. 23. There is not a second to be lost. 24. His only daughter Edna, a teacher of French at Franklin High School, kept house for him.25. Austin, the capital of Texas, is one of the wealthiest towns in the United States.26. It was a rather Agatha Christie-style little English woman.
Exercise. 2. Change the following sentences into the corresponding noun-phrases with attributes.
Model: 1. The answer was prepared. – A prepared answer. 2. The water is for boiling. – Drinking water. 3. The room had a low ceiling. – a room with a low ceiling.
1. The day was rainy. 2. The remark is very clever. 3 Her heart was kind .4. The bowl for suger. 5. The mountains were covered with snow. 6. The noises were muffled. 7. The catch is abundant. 8. The desk is for writing. 9. The room is for reception. 10. The train was approaching. 11. The coat was made of wool. 12. The country house is in good taste. 13. The place is for hiding. 14. The girl was like a butterfly. 15. His nose resembled a button. 16. The problem had a difficulty. 17. The man was in trouble. 18. The school is for flying. 19. The machine is for calculating. 20. The planning is efficient. 21. The pedagogical Institute is in Moscow. 22. The novel is of adventure. 23. The birds are singing.24. The trees rustled. 25. The woman smiled. 26. The waves were thundering.27. The snow was falling. 28. The doctor arrived. 29. The scholar has a famous name.
Exercise 3. Point out the attribute and say what it is expressed by.
1. “Perhaps one day you will have a reason for waiting about it.” 2. Horn made him a sign to come on to the veranda. 3. “We used to have a very good horse and trap at home,” said Aunt Julia, sadly. “The never-to be forgotten Johnny”, said Mary, laughing. 4. They were strangers; they couldn’t be expected to understand that father was the very last person for such a thing to happen to. 5. On another occasion… this same dear baby… was the innocent occasion of Miss. Murdstone’s going into a passion. 6. …he realised suddenly… that it wasn’t fear of being caught that worried Davy but fear of being left alone. 7. That night in the surgery there were three patients, two of whom paid him the three and six penny fee… He had , in his first day’s practice, earned the sum of ten and six . (Cronin). 8. And Bertha smiled with that little air of proprietorship that she was always assumed while her woman friends were new and mysterious. 9. She was a well- made woman of about fifty… She had the look of a woman well-fed, well-taken-care-of… 10. A guinea a visit – it was three times the largest fee he had ever earned! 11. In Chaucer’s time London, the capital, had only a population of 40,000. 12. Geoffrey Chaucer, the first great English humorist, tells out of an artist’s sheer love of storytelling. 13. Bennett was the first to realize that the grey-skied region known as the Potteries, contained excellent “copy” for a series of novels. 14. They must have a roof to cover them, a house to shelter them.
Exercise 4. Point out attributes and appositions.
1. On the third day there was sudden excitement down at the bend. 2. The landscape class, with stools and easels and sketch-boxes, trampled off twice a week to some vantage point to include in plein-air painting. 3. Those were golden days in my life; it was more than twenty years ago. 4. The evening beauty of the river with a soft mist rising from its glassy surface stirred her out of her state of suspended animation. 5. Their next season’s crop was threatened too, for pumping plant could not operate. 6. Beyond the half-drawn curtains at the French windows the summer sun beat down upon the green lawn. 7. Oh, that never-to be-forgotten summer in the Golden Valley ! 8. The only piece of furniture worthy of note was a large grandfather chair standing in front of the fireplace. 9. We have many questions to discuss before we part, my friends. 10. A few more objections of the same sort were raised, but all of them were overruled as irrelevant. 11. A gaunt woman, in a black dress, long apron and sun bonnet came out, and rather grudgingly filled her can with three-penn’orth of milk.12. All the people present were deeply shocked by the nature of the crime the defendant was charged with. Everything imaginable had been done for the capture of the fugitives, but with no avail. 13. Is there any purpose in trying to by-pass these problems? 14. The final decision, in accord with the unshakable law of the family.
Exercise 5.Point out the attribute and say by what it is expressed.
1.The first day's journey from Gaza to Ascalon was intolerably tedious. (Douglas) 2. What do you say to a stroll through the garden, Mr. Cockane? (Shaw) 3. It was such a cruel thing to have happened to that gentle, helpless creature. (Prichard) 4. He was always the first to enter the dining-room and the last to leave. (Mansfield) 5. Sally hated the idea of borrowing and living on credit. (Prichard) 6. The two men faced each other silently. (Douglas) 7. It was an easy go-as-you-please existence. (Prichard) 8. I am not in the habit of reading other people's letters. (Shaw) 9. He thrust his hands deep into his overcoat pockets. (Galsworthy) 10. It was not a matter to be discussed even with a guide, philosopher and friend so near and trusted as the Professor. (Kahler) 11. Ethel, the youngest, married a good-for-nothing little waiter. (Mansfield) 12 He pointed to a house on a near-by shady knoll. (Douglas) 13. It was just one little sheet of glass between her and the great wet world outside. (Mansfield) 14. She had a pair of immense bare arms to match, and a quantity of mottled hair 'arranged in a sort of bow. (Mansfield) 15. Dicky heard right enough. A clear, ringing little laugh was his only reply. (Mansfield) 16. To think that a man of his abilities would stoop to such a horrible trick as that. (Dreiser) 17. There was a blackbird perched on the cherry-tree, sleek and glistening. (Braine) 18. A middle-aged man carrying a sheaf of cards walked into the room. (Braine) 19. Daniel Quilp began to comprehend the possibility of there being somebody at the door. (Dickens) 20. Still, Pett's happiness or unhappiness is quite a life and death question with us. (Dickens)
Exercise 6. Point out the close and the loose apposition.
A. I. Maidenhead, a river resort, is on one of the loveliest reaches
of the River Thames... 2. The town of Windsor is a typically
English town. ("Britain").
B. 1.WilliamLangland,the humanitarian poet of the XlVth century, deeply felt the social evils he saw around him. 2. Side by side with Langland lived another great English reformer, John
Wycliff, one of the intellectual forces of the 14th century.
3.The poet Pope was Shakespeare's second editor. 4.Jerome K. Jerome set England laughing with a farcial but exceedingly well-written story "Three Men in a Boat". 5. The well known personageSam Weller was Mr. Pickwick's witty, light-hearted, shrewd
and faithful servant, a kind of Cockney Sancho Panza. (Delmer).
C. 1. Lally watched it all, she looked and , listened. (Coppard).2. That is his father, Sir Robert, a
Perfectly honest old cavalier. (Chesterton). 3. Placing the fifty-pound note upon the
letter Lally carefully folded them together and put them both
into the envelope. (Coppard).
Exercise 7. Point out the apposition and say whether it is close or loose.
1. Maria, the mother had not taken off her shawl. 2. One of our number, a round-faced, curly-haired, little man of about forty glared at him aggressively. 3. There are plenty of dogs in the town of Oxford. 4. You look all right, Uncle Soames. 5. James, a slow and through eater, stopped the process of mastication. 6. He felt lost, alone in the room with that pale spirit of a woman. 7. But the doctor- a family physician well past middle age – was not impressed. 8. They, the professors, were right in their literary judgment. 9.In consequence neither Oscar nor his sister Martha had any too much education or decent social experience of any kind. 10. But now he had seen that world , possible and real, with a flower of a woman.