XXV. THE COMPLEX SENTENCE. THE SUBJECT AND PREDICATIVE CLAUSES.



Exercise l.Analyze the following sentences with Subject clauses:

1 Where he was going was home, and jet he would have to learn the ways of home. 2. It was a pity Celia couldn't understand and because he did not want her to. 3. One day after her first week's rehearsal, what she expected came openly to the surface. 4. It's funny how anxious these women are to get on the stage. 5. It's doubtful where they had ever realized that an ending was. bound to come. 6. Whatever she has told you is true, sir. 7. It's all a mystery why our attempts have been unsuccessful. 8. Who her mother was, and how she came to die in that forlornness. were' questions that often pressed on Eppie's mind. 9. It's a grand thing when you see the working class in action. 10. It is the face of a woman with dark hair and eyes and certainly a pale face; but whether she is pretty or ugly as sin, is more than I can say. 11. Whoever was last there had either not the time, or had forgotten to shut it. 12. It seemed to me I stood by the iron gate leading to the drive.

Exercise 2. Complete the following sentences adding Subject clauses:

Model 1: Why you haven't done it is beyond me.

1.Where ...was not quite clear. 2. What... is sea air. 3. Which... is for you to decide? 4. That ... is nol known to me. 5. Whether ... is quite another matter. 6. Why... is not known to me. 7. How... should be settled at once. 8. Who... was a question that interested me most. 9. When... has not been settled yet. 10. Whoever... will be welcome.

Model 2: It is clear that he is going to join us.

1. It is evident why... 2. It was doubtful whether ... 3. It is a moot question if... 4. It was of nc importance when...    5. It is decided yet who...    6. It has been arranged that... 6. When will it be announced where... 7. It was very lucky that... 8. It was not known what... 9. It has been proved that... 10. It is matter of doubt how...

Exercise 3. Paraphrase the sentences using subject clauses: Model: It's time for her to go home. - It's time she went home.

Lit is possible for her to find it helpful. 2. You go to her and point to her how necessary it is her to get a divorce from him. 3. Ironical for Soames to come down here - to this house, built for himself. 4. " Come and have a cup, Henry. It's nice of you to be back early. We've such capital news". 5. But it's natural and rational for you to like it. 6.1 still think it's time for us to get rid of them. 7. The other hung back. Lanny had returned and it was right for his mother to be the first to greet him. 8. It is not right for him and Mrs Donevers to sit there listening to that evidence. 9. It is wrong for him to complane.

Exercise 4. Translate the sentences into English using subject clauses:

1. Было решено, что вся группа поедет путешествовать вместе. 2. Вполне вероятно, что вскоре получить от нас известие. 3. Странно, что он хочет присоединиться к нам, он все время нас избегал. 4. Вамужепорауходить. 5. Сомнительно, чтоонвчератудаходил. 6. То, чтоясказала – правда. 7. Не может быть, что он прибыл в Москву раньше сестры. Онаведьвыехалараньше. 8. То, чтоиногдапрощаетсяребенку, нельзяпроститьвзросломучеловеку. 9. После того как Риккардо т Галли рассказали им об Оводе, было решено, что Риккардо напишет Оводу письмо, приглашая его приехать в Италию. 10. Очень важно чтобы торговля основывались на принципах взаимной выгоды и полного уважения национального суверенитета.

 

Exercise 5. Point out subject clauses and the connectives they are introduced by:

1.      Whatever he thought of her would not go beyond him.

2.      … “ How that woman ever got into it (the world) with that name, is unaccountable to me”.

3.      Sir R. Chiltern: What you ask is impossible.

4.      “ What we want is rest”, said Harris.

5.      One night my father’s  big red land was trampled down by small sharp hooves, and it was discovered that the culprits were goats from Chief Mshlanga’s kraal.

6.      What awakened him was the engine coughing.

7.      It was to be hinted to me that I am wanting in affection for my precious treasure…

8.      “ It’s very strange” said Mr.Dick… , “ that I never can get that quite right…”

9.      Undershaft: Which side wins does not concern us here.

10.  It’s a good thing she went away with you.

11.  Whether I was her rival in sport or in studies seemed equally bad in her eyes

 

Exercise 6. Translate into English:

 

1.                                     Еще неизвестно, послал ли он это письмо.

2. Что он послал это письмо — очень странно.

3. Неизвестно, что было в письме.

4. Которое из писем пришло раньше, неизвестно.

5. Кто написал это письмо, сказать трудно.

6. Что бы он  ни   написал   в   этом  письме, будет прочитано с большим вниманием.

7. Еще неясно, когда и где письмо было написано.

8. Важно, как и почему это письмо было написано.

9. Теперь трудно- вспомнить, когда они встретились.
10. Неважно, где они встретились.

11. Очень хорошо, что они встретились.

12. Кто из них раньше приехал, мне неинтересно.    

13. Безразлично, кто бы мне об этом ни сказал.

14. Ещенеизвестно, правдалиэто.

 


Exercise 7. Pointoutpredicativeclauses; statebywhatconnectivestheyareintroduced.

 

1.I had said the name ... It was as (though I had taken a purge and rid myself of an intolerable pain. (Du Maurier). 2. To blow the bridge at a stated hour based on the time set for the attack is how it should be done. (Hemingway). 3. It looked as though the silence of the night were getting on her nerves. (Maugham). 4. The provok­ing thing was that ... Bertha couldn't make her out. (Mansfield). 5. This was not how the object itself would look: this was the image in a mirror, reversed. (Greene). 6. That was where Mrs. Gibson's body lay. (Conan Doyle). 7. And this is what he remembered. (Gals­worthy). 8. Dr. Macphail's first thought was that something had hap­pened to Miss Thompson. (Maugham). 9. Perhaps ... that was why he wanted to take her out to-day! (Coppard). 10. "Now the question is," said Josephine, "whether we shall keep her or not." (Mansfield). 11. "The trouble was ... he got mixed up." (Greene). 12. "We are just as we were," said Adrian, "friends." (Galsworthy)

 

Exercise 8. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate connectives to join the predicative clauses:

 

1. He says Lowell did that during the twenty minutes she was there. That is … she was so upset by Lavinia (Ford). 2. The result is …it is very difficult to indicate the English public to buy and read plays (B. Shaw). 3. The fundamental trouble is… men and women are different creatures, with different minds and different paths in life(Leacock). 4. That .. makes Englishmen unpopular on the continent(G. Greene) . 5. It was ... we had been unconsciously driving towards danger instead of away from it (G. Greene). 6. His felt ... they would come out of their sockets (Abrahams). 7. Well, that's ... it was (Ford). 8 All she wanted to know ... he wrote letters to his wife (Mitchell) 9. All I can say is  ... Mako's brain seems to be crammed full of knowledge (Abrahams). 10. The reason he wanted to be alone .. . he was very popular (Macken). 11. And this is ... Ashley meant when he wrote that war was not glory but dirt and misery (Mitchell). 12. It's exactly ... I felt an hour ; Crafts made his revelations (B. Shaw). 13. And I it's ... this generation is just wise enough to know t is sick (Mansfield).

 

Exercise 9. Make up complex sentences with predicative clauses out of the following pairs of utterances. Choose connective words from the guiding question, otherwise use  that, whether, if, as if, as though.

 

Model: 1. What isthe condition? Must Mr. Halloway take part in the conference? – The condition is that Mr. Halloway should take part in the conference.

2. How did he look? Was he about to raise an objection? -  He looked as if he were about to raise an objection.

 

1.Where can you find a man?  Is this the puzzle? 2. What is the reason of Jim’s sulky look? Has he quarreled with Rosy? 3.  Was the house deserted? How did it look? 4. How long will it take  them to finish the calculation?  Is this the point? 5. What is the question? Has he formed a definite opinion of this matter?  6. Didn’t she consider the young man suitable? Was this the problem? 7. Were they willing to agree?  What was your understanding? 8. Is Mary pleased? What is your impression? 9. How did they get that information? Is this the puzzle? 10. Is John guilty? How does he look? 11. Will Pete accept our condition or won’t he? What is the problem? 12. Had Milly recovered from her flu?  How did she feel? 13. Should your son first finish school? What is your plan? 14. Should we start anew? Is this the best way? 15. Were they expected at that time? How did it seem?

 

Exercise 10. Complete the sentences adding predicative clauses.

 

Mode1: The trouble is that he has lost your address.

 

1. The difficulty is that ... . 2. The matter was that ... . 3. The thing is that ... . 4. The question was why (where, ... . 5. The problem was how (what, who, which) ... . 6. The reason is that ... . 7. The result was that ... 8 The trouble was how ... . 9. What worried her most was ... . 10. The fact is ... . 11. The fact of the matter is ... . 12. Our proposal is that … 13. The order is … 14. Their demand was… 15. The chairman’s recommendation is … 16. The plan was… 17. Our wish is … 18. The commander’s order was … 19. The arrangement was…  20. Our common desire is …

Exercise 11. Translate the sentences into English using predicative clauses.

1.         У девочки был такой вид, как будто бы она что-то знает, но не говорит (Джером).

2.         Вотничего, чего я не мог бы сделать (Б. Шоу)

3.         Он чувствовал себя так, как будтозаболевает (Драйзер).

4.         Вот это меня и удивляет (Б. Шоу).

5.         У него был такой тон, как будто он сам не верил своим словам и только искаподтверждения.  (Уилсон)

6.         Дело в том, что я не знаю, как начать эту работу.

7.         Распоряжение преподавателя заключалось в том, чтобы весь материал был собран к кон­цусеместра.

8.         Мне бы хотелось пригласить всю группу на выставку, но беда в том, что семестр  закончился, и мы редко видим друг друга.

9.         Что вам сказал врач? - Реко­мендация врача заключается в том, чтобы я сделал перерыв в занятиях не меньше чем на месяц.

 

Exercise 12. Translate the sentences into English using subject and  predicative clauses.

 

1.      Беда ( thetrouble) в том, что он уехал из города.

2.      Вопрос в том, что оставил ли свой адрес.

3.      Кажется, как будто он никогда и не был болен.

4.      Путешествие по Средней Азии – как раз то, о чем он всегда мечтал.

5.      Вот почему он и уехал так поспешно.

6.      Вот как мы должны поступать.

7.      Что я хочу знать – это посоветовался ли он с врачами перед отъездом.

8.      Вопрос в том, сколько времени он будет в отсутствии.

9.      Что мы должны решить – это куда мы поедем летом.

10.  Самое удивительное – это то, что он никому не сообщил о своем отъезде.

11.  Интересное всего, как это произошло.

12.  Трудность заключается в том, что я не знаю его адреса.